葡萄种质资源与遗传育种研究团队

发布日期2017-04-28     浏览次数:    作者:

  1.团队概况Introduction

  团队负责人:王跃进教授

  Principle Investigator: Professor Yuejin Wang

  

  博士生导师,教育部“跨世纪优秀人才支持计划”入选者,农业部西北地区园艺作物生物学与种质创制重点实验室主任,国家现代农业产业技术体系岗位科学家,主要从事葡萄种质资源与遗传育种研究。

  Professor of College of Horticulture, Northwest A&F University, member of “Trans-Century Excellent Talents of the Ministry of Education”, Director of KeyLaboratory of Horticultural Plant Biology and Germplasm Innovation inNorthwest China, Ministry of Agriculture, Yangling, China; Scientist of China Agriculture Research Systems for the grapeindustry, Main research focus on Genetic Breeding and Evaluation of Grapevine Germplasm Resource.

  学术兼职

  Concurrent academic post

  中国园艺学会常务理事,陕西省园艺学会理事长,陕西省科协副主席;

  The executive director of the Chinese horticultural society, director of Shaanxi Provincial Institute of horticulture, vice chairman of Shaanxi Association for science and technology;

  教育部农业推广硕士专业学位教育指导委员会委员;陕西省学位委员会委员;

  Member of the steering committee of the Ministry of education for the master's degree in agricultural extension; Member of the discipline committee of the Shaanxi Provincial Academic committee;

  《中国农学通报》副主编、《西北植物学报》副主编;

  Associate Editor of Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin and Acta Botanica Boreali-Occidentalia Sinica;

  《园艺学报》、《果树学报》、《中外葡萄与葡萄酒》、《西北农林科技大学学报》(自然科学版)等编委会委员。

  Editorial Board of Acta Horticulturae Sinica, Journal of Fruit Science, Sino-Overseas Grapevine & Wine and The Journal of Northwest A&F University (Natural Science Edition).


  2.主要研究领域 Main Research Fields & Contents

  团队围绕1)葡萄种质资源收集、评价与利用;2)野生葡萄抗白粉病、霜霉病、黑痘病等主要真菌病害遗传及抗病功能基因鉴定;3)野生葡萄抗逆资源评价与及抗逆分子机理;4)葡萄无核性状分子机理与胚挽救育种;5)葡萄新品种培育与遗传改良。

  1)Collection, Evaluation and Utilization of Grapevine Germplasm Resource;

  2)Identification of the major fungal disease genes and Genetic of Wild grapevine resistance to powdery mildew, downy mildew and Anthracnose.

  3)Evaluation and molecular mechanism of wild grapevine under abiotic stresses;

  4)Molecular mechanism of Seedless traits of grapevine fruit and embryo rescue breeding;

  5)Genetic improvement and Development of the novel grape varieties.


  3.承担的主要项目Major projects undertaken

  国家“863”计划课题、国家自然科学基金项目、国家转基因植物研究与产业化开发专项、国家科技支撑计划项目、农业部“948”项目、国家葡萄产业技术体系岗位科学家项目、公益性行业(农业)农业科研专项子课题、陕西省重大科技攻关项目、教育部"跨世纪/新世纪优秀人才支持计划"项目等。

  National High-Tech Research and Development Program of China (863 Program)

  National Natural Science Foundation of China

  Research and industrialization development of transgenic plants from Ministry of Agriculture of China

  National Science and technology support program from Ministry of science and technology of China

  The ‘948’ Program from Ministry of Agriculture of China

  The earmarked fund for China Agriculture Research Systems for the grape industry from Ministry of Agriculture of China

  Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest from Ministry of Agriculture of China

  Major scientific and technological project from Government of Shaanxi Province

  The Tran-century / New Century Excellent Talent Support Program from the Ministry of Education of China.


  4.主要研究成果Academic achievements

  先后系统地进行了中国野生葡萄资源主要抗真菌病害和抗旱(寒)评价,筛选了一批抗病、抗逆的野生葡萄种和株系,获得了一批中国野生葡萄×欧洲葡萄的F1优系。1998年以来系统开展了无核葡萄胚挽救育种研究,将无核葡萄×无核葡萄、无核葡萄×中国野生葡萄、无核葡萄×有核葡萄等杂交后幼胚进行离体培养,从中选育出大粒无核抗病、大粒无核品种??。在国际GenBank数据库登录与葡萄抗逆、无核有关的基因序列、EST序列6000多条。发表论文200多篇,其中SCI论文40篇。2004年度获陕西省科学技术奖二等奖一项“胚挽救技术体系的建立及抗病无核葡萄新品系选育”;2007年度获陕西省科学技术一等奖一项“中国葡萄属植物野生种抗白粉病基因克隆研究”。获得国家授权发明专利10项。

  The biotic and abiotic stresses of Chinese wild grapevines were systematically evaluated, identified a number of resistant wild grapevine species and strains, and obtained a lot of hybrid F1 generation from interspecific cross combination between Chinese wild grapes and European grapevine cultivars. Our group is also actively involved in breeding table, raisin grapes for resistance to diseases. Particularly, since 1998, we have interested in breeding of seedless grape variety for resistance to fungal diseases with cross combinations between Chinese wild grapes species and commercial seedless grape varieties using embryo rescue method. Some of novel varieties which shows significant characteristics of much bigger fruit grain, seedless and resistant to diseases were released in last several years. Six thousand EST sequences of grapevines related to resistant to disease and seedless were submitted to NCBI database. We have published in total more than 200 academic papers including more than 40 SCI papers, such as New Phytologist, Journal Experimental Botany. We got one “First prize of Shaanxi province Scientific and technological progress in the field of Chinese wild grapevine resistance to disease” and one “Second prize of Shaanxi province Scientific and technological progress in the field of development of novel seedless varieties”. We have awarded ten items of national patents.

  


  5.团队主要成员 Team members

  团队由来自园艺学院、林学院等单位9位科教人员组成,依托国家重点学科果树学、旱区作物逆境生物学国家重点实验室和农业部西北地区园艺作物生物学与种质创制重点实验室开展工作,形成了教授、副教授、讲师、博士后和研究生为主的结构合理的创新研究队伍。

  Research group includes 9 faculties and staffs from College of horticulture. We conduct the research supported by the key national discipline in Pomology, State key laboratory of crop stress biology for arid areas and Key Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Biology and Germplasm Innovation in Northwest China, Ministry of Agriculture. The research member includes Professor, Associate Professor, Young Lecturers, Postdoctoral fellows and Graduate students.

  张剑侠   教授

  园艺学院,博士生导师,陕西省葡萄产业技术体系葡萄育种岗位专家,主要从事葡萄遗传育种及抗逆分子机理研究。

  Dr. Jianxia Zhang, Professor of College of Horticulture,grape breeding station expert of "Shaanxi Province Grape Industry Technology System".

  Research Description: Genetic Breeding and Molecular Mechanisms of Response to Abiotic Stress in Grapevine.

  


  王西平   教授

  园艺学院,博士生导师,教育部“新世纪优秀人才支持计划”入选者,主要从事葡萄抗黑痘病分子机理研究。

  Dr. Xiping Wang, Professor of College of Horticulture,member of “New Century Excellent Talents of the Ministry of Education”.

  Research Description: Molecular Mechanisms of Grapevine resistance to anthracnose.

  


  徐 炎   教授

  园艺学院,博士生导师,教育部“新世纪优秀人才支持计划”入选者,主要从事葡萄抗霜霉病分子机理研究。

  Dr. YanXu, Professor of College of Horticulture,member of “New Century Excellent Talents of the Ministry of Education”.

  Research Description: Molecular Mechanisms of Grapevine resistance to Downy Mildew.

  


  文颖强   教授

  园艺学院,博士生导师,主要从事葡萄抗白粉病分子机理研究。

  Dr. Yingqiang Wen, Professor of College of Horticulture.

  Research Description: Molecular Mechanisms of Grapevine resistance to Powdery Mildew.

  


  张宗勤   副教授

  林学院,博士,主要从事葡萄新品种培育推广研究。

  Dr. Zongqin Zhang, Associate Professor of College of Forestry.

  Research Description: The development and Extension of the Novel Variety of Grapevine.

  


  张朝红   副教授

  园艺学院,博士生导师,主要从事葡萄无核性状形成分子机理研究。

  Dr. Chaohong Zhang, Associate Professor of College of Horticulture.

  Research Description: Molecular Mechanisms of the Characteristic of Grapevine Seedless.

  


  李智   讲师

  园艺学院,博士,主要从事葡萄抗黑痘病分子机理研究。

  Dr. Zhi Li, Lecturer of College of Horticulture.

  Research Description: Molecular Mechanisms of Grapevine resistance to Anthracnose.

  


  刘国甜   讲师

  园艺学院,博士,主要从事葡萄与霜霉菌互作分子机理研究。

  Dr. Guotian Liu, Lecturer of College of Horticulture.

  Research Description: Molecular Mechanisms of interaction between Grapevine and Plasmoparaviticola.