蔬菜生理与生物技术研究团队

发布日期2017-04-28     浏览次数:    作者:

蔬菜生理与生物技术研究团队

Physiology and biotechnology of vegetableResearch Group

1.团队概况Introduction                                   

     团队负责人:程智慧教授

     Principle Investigator: Professor Zhihui Cheng

博士生导师,陕西省三五人才,享受国务院政府特殊津贴专家。主要从事蔬菜生理生态与生物技术研究。

Professor of College of Horticulture, Northwest A&F University, Talents of Shaanxi Province,expert entitled the special subsidy of the State Council, whose research mainly focus on physiology, ecology and biotechnology of vegetablecrops.

学术兼职

现任亚洲化感学会理事,中国园艺学会葱姜蒜分会副理事长,陕西省园艺学会常务理事,陕西省农学会理事,杨凌农作物种子协会副会长,国际SCI刊物《Frontiers in Plant Science》评审编辑(Review Editor),《PLOS ONE》学术编辑(Academic Editor),《Horticulture Plant Journal》编委,《园艺学报》编委,《中国蔬菜》编委,《西北园艺》顾问

Concurrent academic post

The councilmember of AsiaAllelopathy Society, theassociate executive director of alliumvegetables and ginger branch in Chinese Horticultural Society, the managingdirector of the Shaanxi Horticultural Society, the councilmember  of Shaanxi Provincial  Agronomy Socisty, the vice-chairman of YanglingCrop Seed Association, the  Review Editor ofSCIjournalFrontiers in Plant ScienceAcademic Editor of SCI journalPLOS ONEEditorial member of Horticulture Plant Journal,Editorial member of ActaHorticulturaeSinica and Chinese Vegetables,Consultant of Northwestern Horticulture.

2.主要研究领域 Main Research Fields & Contents

团队围绕如下方面开展工作:

1)蔬菜产品优质高效生产和菜田生态安全可持续关键技术;

Key technology forboth high quality and efficient vegetable  production and safety and sustainable ecology maintaining of vegetable  field;

2)黄瓜的逆境生理与分子机制;

Resistant physiology and molecular mechanism to stress of Cucumber;

3)黄瓜果实发育及品质形成机理及分子调控;

Mechanism and regulation of cucumber fruit development and quality formation;

4)黄瓜重要农艺性状基因挖掘

   Mining genes of cucumber important agronomic traits

5)大蒜种质资源收集保存、多倍体及抗突变新种质创制与利用;

The collection, conservation of garlic germplasm resources and innovationonpolyploid and resistancegermplams;

5)大蒜产品器官发育生物学和生理生态

The developmentalbiologyand physio-ecology of garlic  product organs.

3.承担的主要项目Major projects undertaken

国家“863”计划课题、国家自然科学基金项目、国家科技支撑计划项目、公益性行业(农业)农业科研专项、陕西省科技统筹项目、陕西省攻关项目等。

National High-Tech Research and Development Program of China (863 Program)

National Natural Science Foundation of China

National Science and technology support program from Ministry of science and technology of China

Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest from Ministry of Agriculture of China

Major scientific and technological project from Government of Shaanxi Province

Scientific and technological project in Shaanxi Province.

4.主要研究成果Academic achievements

先后系统地进行了大蒜二次生长生理生态研究,探讨了大蒜二次生长的生理机制;在此基础上,进行了一系列蔬菜新品种配套技术研究集成与一体化示范研究、西部地区的韭菜、大白菜和线辣椒无公害生产关键技术研究与示范;对大蒜生长发育及春化特性进行了深入研究,并探索了其生理及分子机制;进行了大蒜多倍体及抗病突变体的突变体诱导,并获得了新种质;对黄瓜果实发育过程的醛类香气成分变化规律进行了研究,建立了基因表达、酶活性、醛类产物之间的关系,探索了脂氧合酶基因脂氢过氧化物裂解酶基因在黄瓜醛类香气中的分子机制;对黄瓜谷氧还蛋白基因家族成员在黄瓜花性别分化及腐生型病原菌侵染过程中的分子机制;研究了黄瓜嫁接对根结线虫病害的缓解效应及机理;对黄瓜重要的农艺性状基因进行了挖掘和功能分析;研究了黄瓜对霉病抗性的分子机制;创制了绿色油皮及特色白皮等黄瓜新品种。分别获得2004年、2006年、2009年陕西省科学技术二等奖各一项,获得国家发明专利4项,创制黄瓜品种4个。

The physiology and ecology of garlic second growth and it's mechanism were probed and the demonstration and integration of matching technology of new cultivars; The key technology research and demonstration of Chinese chive, Chinese Cabbage and  line pepper pollution-free production in western area were systematically evaluated, and the vernalization characteristics of garlic and it's growth and development were also probed; Garlic germplasm resources were collected and polyploid and high disease resistance germplasms were innovated through somaclonal mutant selection. Changes in volatile content of cucumber fruits as well as associated gene expression and enzyme activity in developing cucumber fruits were investigated; The molecular mechanism of lipoxygenas and hydroperoxidelyase which involved in the synthesis of aldehydes; The members of glutaredoxins which involved in the flower sex differentiation and defense mechanism to necrotrophic fungus; The alleviation effects and mechanismof grafting to root-knot nematode of cucumber were studied; The genes underlying important phenotypes of cucumber were identified  and validated; Interaction molecular mechanism between cucumber and Pseudoperonospora cubensis were explored.

We have published in total more than 200 academic papers including more than 40 SCI papers. We got 3 “Second prize of Shaanxi province Scientific and technological progress in 2004, 2006, 2009 respectively. We have awarded 4 national patents and 2 new cultivars were approved.

    

5.团队主要成员 Team members

团队由来自园艺学院蔬菜系6位科教人员组成,依托陕西省重点学科蔬菜学和农业部西北地区园艺作物生物学与种质创制重点实验室及园艺学院蔬菜生理与生物技术实验室开展工作,形成了教授、副教授、研究生为主的结构合理的创新研究队伍。

There are 6 faculties in our research group.The research aresupported by the key discipline in vegetable in Shaanxi, KeyLaboratory of Horticultural Plant Biology and Germplasm Innovation inNorthwest China, Ministry of Agriculture and the lab of our research group. There are Professors, Associate Professors, and Graduatestudents in our research group.

王晓峰教授

园艺学院,博士生导师,主要从事蔬菜生化和分子生物学研究及其在蔬菜作物代谢调控分子育种上的应用

Dr. Xiaofeng Wang, Professor of College of Horticulture.

Research Description: Biochemistry and molecular biology in vegetable science; Hundred Talents Plan Project in Shaanxi province.

陈书霞教授

园艺学院,博士生导师,主要从事黄瓜品质形成及抗逆分子机理研究。

Dr. Shuxia Chen, Professor of College of Horticulture.

Research Description: Molecular Mechanisms of cucumber fruit quality formation and resistance to stress.

李玉红教授

园艺学院,博士生导师,主要从事黄瓜重要农艺性状基因挖掘抗霜霉病分子机理研究。

Dr. Yuhong Li, Professor of College of Horticulture.

Research Description: Mining genes of some important cucumber agronomic traitsandunderstanding the molecular mechanisms for resistance todowny mildew.

孟焕文副教授

园艺学院,硕士生导师,主要从事黄瓜遗传育种和蔬菜栽培生理研究。

Huanwen Meng, Associate Professor of College of Horticulture.

Research Description: cucumber genetic breeding and vegetable cultivation and physiology.

汪淑芬博士:讲师

主要从事番茄栽培生理与生物技术研究。

 Shufen Wang,  lecture of College of Horticulture.

Research Description: cultivation and physiology of tomato