瓜类作物种质资源与遗传育种研究团队

发布日期2017-04-28     浏览次数:    作者:

1.团队概况Introduction

团队负责人:张显教授

Principle Investigator: Professor Xian Zhang

博士生导师,国家现代农业产业技术体系岗位科学家,陕西省现代农业产业技术体系首席科学家,主要从事西甜瓜种质资源与遗传育种研究。

Doctoral Supervisor of College of Horticulture, Northwest A&F University, Scientist of China Agriculture Research Systems, Chief Scientist of Shaanxi Provincial Agriculture Research Systems, Main Research Focus on Genetic Breeding and Evaluation of Watermelon and Melon Germplasm Resource.

 学术兼职

Concurrent Academic Post

 中国园艺学会副理事长,陕西省园艺学会副理事长;

The Executive Associate Director of Chinese Society of Horticultural Science, Associate Director of Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Horticulture;

 农业部瓜类品种鉴评委员会委员,陕西省农作物品种审定委员会委员

Members of the Ministry of Agriculture Cucurbits Variety Appraisal Committee; Member of Crop Variety Approval Committee of Shaanxi Province;

中国瓜菜》副主编;

Associate Editor of China Cucurbits and Vegetables;

 2.主要研究领域 Main Research Fields & Contents

团队围绕1)西瓜、甜瓜、南瓜、西葫芦等瓜类作物种质资源收集、评价与利用;2)西瓜枯萎病、炭疽病、疫病、炭疽病、甜瓜白粉病、霜霉病、蚜虫等主要真菌病害及主要虫害鉴定及资源的抗性评价;3)西甜瓜抗逆资源评价与及抗逆分子机理;4)黄瓜、西瓜逆境生理生态方面的研究;5)西瓜、甜瓜、南瓜等瓜类作物新品种培育与遗传改良。

1Collection, Evaluation and Utilization of Cucurbit Germplasm Resource (Watermelon, Melon, Pumpkin and Zucchini);

2Identification of the Major Fungal Disease of Cucurbit Crops, such as Fusarium Wilt, Anthracnose, Blight, Anthracnose, Powdery Mildew and Downy Mildew

3Evaluation and Molecular Mechanism of Watermelon and Melon under Abiotic Stresses;

4Physiology and Ecology Research of Watermelon and Cucumber under Abiotic Stresses;

5Genetic Improvement and Development of the Cucurbit Varieties (Watermelon, Melon, Pumpkin and Zucchini).

 3.承担的主要项目Major Projects Undertaken

国家公益性行业(农业)科技专项、国家“863”计划课题、国家自然科学基金项目、国家科技支撑计划项目、农业部“948”项目、国家西甜瓜产业技术体系岗位科学家项目、陕西省西甜瓜产业技术体系项目、陕西省重大科技攻关项目、陕西省“13115”项目,陕西省科技统筹创新工程项目

Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest from Ministry of Agriculture of China

National High-Tech Research and Development Program of China (863 Program)

National Natural Science Foundation of China

National Science and Technology Support Program from Ministry of Science and Technology of China

The 948Program from Ministry of Agriculture of China

The Earmarked Fund for China Agriculture Research Systems for the Watermelon and Melon Industry from Ministry of Agriculture of China

The Research Systems for Watermelon and Melon Industry from Shaanxi Province

Major Scientific and Technological Project from Government of Shaanxi Province

The 13115 Program from Shaanxi Province

Science and Technology Innovation Project of Shaanxi Province

 4.主要研究成果Academic Achievements

开发枯萎病生理小种2分子标记,开展枯萎病人工接种与分子标记鉴定相结合的抗病育种研究;发明西瓜苗期疫病抗病性人工接种鉴定方法,西瓜多抗性鉴定与育种;研究西瓜熟性与果实糖分种类积累规律,建立熟性育种与优质性育种相结合的育种技术;开展西瓜辐射诱变易位育种。研制西瓜幼苗耐冷性与耐旱性鉴定标准,筛选西瓜耐冷性与耐旱性资源;建立西瓜性状多因素、多层次模糊综合分析评优模型。建立甜瓜四倍体高效诱导技术,育成优质薄皮甜瓜四倍体杂交品种;建立南瓜双单倍体育种技术研究体系;选育“农科大”系列西瓜14个、“农大甜”和西农系列甜瓜12个,“永安”系列南瓜和西葫芦9个,累计推广面积300多万亩新增产值9.6亿元,推动了我国瓜类产业的良性发展。发表论文200多篇,其中SCI论文6篇。2008年度获陕西省农业技术推广成果奖一等奖一项“优质高效无公害西瓜栽培技术推广”;2012年度获陕西省农业技术推广成果奖二等奖一项“甜瓜穴盘基质育苗新技术示范与推广”;2013年度获陕西省科学技术一等奖一项“农科大系列西瓜新品种的选育”。2013年度获中国园艺学会华耐园艺科技奖“西北农林科技大学西甜瓜资源创新与遗传改良团队”;大北农科技奖创意奖

Our group has developed molecular makers for Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. niveum race 2 in watermelon, and performed resistance breeding using combination artificial inoculation and molecular markers technologies. The identification method of blight through artificial inoculation in watermelon seedlings, as well as multi-resistance evaluation and breeding,  have also been successfully devised. Furthermore, we focus on the study of accumulating pattern between the maturity and sugar content in fruit, and establish the mature and high quality breeding technology. The translocation breeding induced by radiation has also been studied. Meanwhile, we confirmed the tolerancestandards to cold and drought of watermelon seedlings, and obtain lots of cold and drought tolerant germplasm resource. Comprehensive analysis of assessment model, as well as the tetraploid induction of melon and high efficient megaspore cultivation techniques, are successfully developed. Our group have breeded 14 watermelon varieties of NongKeDa series, 12 melon varieties of NongDaTian and XiNong series, and 9 pumpkin and zucchini varieties of YongAn series, which have been grown in about 50 thousand acres and produced 960 million yuan. We have published more than 200 academic papers, including more than 6 SCI papers. We got a first prize of Shaanxi Agricultural Technology Promotion Award in 2008 and a second prize in 2012. In 2013, we got a first prize of Shaanxi scientific and technological award, the prize of Chinese horticultural science and technology award and Science and Technology Award of DaBeiNong.

  

5.团队主要成员 Team Members

 团队由来自园艺学院11位科教人员组成,依托陕西省重点学科蔬菜学、旱区作物逆境生物学国家重点实验室和农业部西北地区园艺作物生物学与种质创制重点实验室开展工作,形成了教授、研究员、副研究员、讲师、技师、博士后和研究生为主的结构合理的创新研究队伍。

Research group includes 11 faculties and staffs from College of horticulture. We conduct the research supported by the key national discipline in olericulture, state key laboratory of crop stress biology for arid areas and key laboratory of horticultural plant biology and germplasm innovation in Northwest China, ministry of agriculture. The research member includes professor, associate professor, young lecturers, technician, postdoctoral fellows and graduate students.

程永安   研究员

园艺学院,硕士生导师,国家公益性行业(农业)科技专项“南瓜产业技术研究与示范”项目首席专家。国家现代农业(大宗蔬菜)产业技术体系西安综合试验站站长;西北农林科技大学太白蔬菜试验示范站首席专家兼站长;中国园艺学会南瓜分会副会长。主要从事南瓜西葫芦新品种选育推广研究。

Prof. YongAn Cheng, Master Supervisor of College of HorticultureChief Expert of Special Fund Pumpkin Industrial Technology Research and Demonstration for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest from Ministry of Agriculture of China. Stationmaster of National Modern Agriculture Industry Technology System of Xi'an Comprehensive Test Station (Staple Vegetable), Chief Scientist of Vegetable Demonstration Station in TaiBai, Vice Chairman of Pumpkin in Chinese Society of Horticultural Science.

Research Description: The Development and Extension of the Novel Variety of Pumpkin and Zucchini .

孙艳   教授

园艺学院,硕士生导师,主要从事瓜类逆境生理生态方面的研究。

Prof. Yan Sun, Master Supervisor of College of Horticulture.

Research Description: Physiology and Ecology Research of Cucurbits under Abiotic Stresses.

杜军志   研究员

园艺学院,阎良甜瓜试验站首席科学家,主要从事甜瓜新品种选育与推广研究。

Prof. JunZhi Du, Professor of College of Horticulture, Chief Scientist of Melon Demonstration Station in YanLiang.

Research Description: The Development and Extension of the Novel Variety of Melon.

李省印   研究员

园艺学院,陕西省现代农业产业技术体系岗位科学家,主要从事瓜类病虫害综合防治技术研究

Prof. ShengYin Li, Professor of College of HorticultureScientist of Shaanxi Provincial Agriculture Research Systems.

Research Description: The Integrated Control Techniques of Cucurbits Diseases and Pests.

马建祥   副研究员

园艺学院,硕士生导师,陕西省现代农业产业技术体系岗位科学家,主要从事西瓜新育种选育与推广研究。

Associate Professor. JianXiang Ma, Master Supervisor of College of Horticulture, Scientist of Shaanxi Provincial Agriculture Research Systems.

Research Description: The Development and Extension of the Novel Variety of Watermelon.

张勇   副研究员

园艺学院,硕士生导师,陕西省现代农业产业技术体系岗位科学家,主要从事小西瓜和甜瓜新育种选育推广研究。

Associate Professor. Yong Zhang, Master Supervisor of College of Horticulture.

Research Description: The Development and Extension of the Novel Variety of Mini Watermelon and Melon.

张会梅   副研究员

园艺学院,主要从事甜瓜新品种选育推广研究。

Associate Professor. HuiMei Zhang, Associate Professor of College of Horticulture.

Research Description: The Development and Extension of the Novel Variety of Melon.

李好   讲师

园艺学院,博士,主要从事西甜瓜抗逆生理生态及分子基础研究。

Dr. Hao Li, Lecturer of College of Horticulture.

Research Description: Physiology and Ecology and Molancular Base of Watermelon and Melon under Abiotic Stresses.

魏春华   讲师

园艺学院,博士,主要从事西甜瓜抗病分子机理研究。

Dr. ChunHua Wei, Lecturer of College of Horticulture.

Research Description: Molecular Mechanisms of Disease Resistance in Watermelon and Melon.

杨建强   技师

园艺学院,主要从事西甜瓜新品种选育推广研究。

JianQiang Yang, Technician of College of Horticulture.

Research Description: The Development and Extension of the Novel Variety of Watermelon and Melon.